💡NEW: Data and replication files are now all available in the Code&Data section
💡NEW: Revised draft of "US Monetary Policy and the Global Financial Cycle", with H. Rey
💡NEW: Deck of lecture slides on "The Global Financial Cycle and the International Transmission of Monetary Policy"
💡NEW: Discussion of Jarociński & Karadi's "Deconstructing Monetary Policy Surprises: the Role of Information Shocks"

Last Updated: Mar 28, 2019
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When Creativity Strikes: News Shocks and Business Cycle Fluctuations 💾

Silvia Miranda-Agrippino, Sinem Hacioglu Hoke, and Kristina Bluwstein (2018) Centre for Macroeconomics, Discussion Paper n. 2018-23 ✏️Revised March 2019


ABSTRACT    We use data on monthly patent applications to construct an external instrument for identification of technology news shocks in an information-rich VAR. Technology diffuses slowly and affects total factor productivity in an S-shaped pattern. Responsible for about a tenth of economic fluctuations at business cycle frequencies, the shock elicits a slow, large and positive response of quantities, and a sluggish contraction of prices followed by an endogenous easing of the monetary stance. The ensuing economic expansion substantially anticipates any material increase in TFP. Technology news are strongly priced into the stock market on impact, but measures of consumers expectations take sensibly longer to adjust, consistent with a New-Keynesian framework with nominal rigidities, and featuring informationally constrained agents.


Identification with External Instruments in Structural VARs under Partial Invertibility 💾

Silvia Miranda-Agrippino and Giovanni Ricco (2018) OFCE Sciences Po, Working Paper n. 24 06/2018 ✏️Revised December 2018


ABSTRACT    This paper discusses conditions for identification of structural shocks with external instruments in VARs, under partial invertibility. This is a very general condition, often of empirical relevance, and less stringent than the standard full invertibility, sometimes required for SVARs and LPs with controls. We show that in this case dynamic responses can be recovered provided that a condition of limited lead-lag exogeneity of the instrument holds. This condition allows the instrument to be contaminated by leads and lags other invertible shocks. We evaluate our results in a simulated environment and provide an empirical application to the case of monetary policy shocks.


US Monetary Policy and the Global Financial Cycle 💾

Silvia Miranda-Agrippino and Hélène Rey (2015) NBER, Working Paper n. 21722 R&R @ Review of Economic Studies previously "World Asset Markets and the Global Financial Cycle"

✏️Revised March 2019

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  MEDIA  🎥 IMF Mundell-Fleming Lectures: Hélène Rey (2014); Ben Bernanke (2015)                       📰 NY Times 

ABSTRACT    Using world aggregates, we find that US monetary policy shocks can induce positive comovements in the international financial variables that are expression of the “Global Financial Cycle.” Monetary contractions in the US are followed by significant deleveraging of global financial intermediaries, contractions in the provision of global domestic credit, and strong retrenchments of international credit flows. Countries that adopt a floating exchange rate regime are subject to similar financial spillovers. One global factor that explains an important share of the common variation of risky assets around the world decreases significantly after a US monetary tightening.


The Transmission of Monetary Policy Shocks 💾

Silvia Miranda-Agrippino and Giovanni Ricco (2017) Bank of England, Staff Working Paper n. 657 R&R @ AEJ:Macroeconomics

✏️Revised November 2018

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ABSTRACT    Commonly used instruments for the identification of monetary policy disturbances are likely to combine the true policy shock with information about the state of the economy due to the information disclosed through the policy action. We show that this signalling effect of monetary policy can give rise to the empirical puzzles reported in the literature, and propose a new high-frequency instrument for monetary policy shocks that accounts for informational rigidities. We find that a monetary tightening is unequivocally contractionary, with deterioration of domestic demand, labor and credit market conditions, as well as of asset prices and agents’ expectations.


Bayesian Vector Autoregressions 💾 

Silvia Miranda-Agrippino and Giovanni Ricco, (2018) Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Economics and Finance, Oxford University Press, forthcoming

ABSTRACT    This article reviews Bayesian inference methods for Vector Autoregression models, commonly used priors for economic and financial variables, and applications to structural analysis and forecasting.


Uncertain Kingdom: Nowcasting GDP and its Revisions 💾

Nikoleta Anesti, Ana Galvão, and Silvia Miranda-Agrippino, (2018) Centre for Macroeconomics, Discussion Paper n. 2018-24, R&R @ Journal of Business & Economic Statistics

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  MEDIA  📰 Article in Central Banking .com 

ABSTRACT    We design a new econometric framework to nowcast data subject to revisions, and use it to predict UK GDP growth in real-time. To this aim, we assemble a novel dataset of monthly and quarterly indicators featuring over ten years of real-time data vintages. In the Release-Augmented DFM (or RA-DFM) successive monthly estimate of GDP for the same quarter are treated as correlated observables in a Dynamic Factor Model (DFM) that also includes a large number of mixed-frequency predictors. The framework allows for a simple characterisation of the stochastic process for the revisions as a function of the observables, and permits a detailed assessment of the contribution of the data flow in informing (i) forecasts of quarterly GDP growth; (ii) the evolution of forecast uncertainty; and (iii) forecasts of revisions to early released GDP data. RA-DFM predictions have information about the latest GDP releases above and beyond that contained in the statistical office's earlier estimates; and are commensurate with those of professional forecasters. Data on production and labor market, subject to large publication delays, account for most of the forecastability of the revisions.                               


Unsurprising Shocks: Information, Premia, and the Monetary Transmission 💾  

Silvia Miranda-Agrippino (2016) Bank of England, Working Paper n. 626 ✏️Revised August 2017

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  MEDIA  📰 The surprise in monetary surprises: a Tale of Two Shocks (Bank Underground Blog)            📰 Wall Street Journal Pro Central Banking

ABSTRACT    This article studies the information content of monetary surprises, i.e. the reactions of financial markets to monetary policy announcements. We find that monetary surprises are predictable by past information, and can incorporate anticipatory effects. Surprises are decomposed into monetary policy shocks, forecast updates, and time-varying risk premia, all of which can change following the announcements. Hence, their use as identification devices is not warranted, and can have strong qualitative and quantitative implications for the estimated responses of variables to the shocks. We develop new measures for monetary policy shocks, independent of central banks’ forecasts and unpredictable by past information.


Nowcasting China   

Domenico Giannone, Silvia Miranda-Agrippino and Michele Modugno, 2013

  MEDIA  🎥 Interview at CIRANO Montréal

ABSTRACT In this paper we construct a synthetic indicator to monitor and summarise the informational content of the Chinese macroeconomic data flow. The index is optimally extracted in real-time from a heterogeneous set of dat, published at different frequencies and in a non-synchronous fashion, that we select to best represent the Chinese economy. We evaluate the forecasting ability of the index in nowcasting Chinese real GDP in real time. We find that the forecast implied by our index are at least as accurate as market forecasts and outperform forecasts implied by other existing indices. Furthermore, our index-based forecasts are continuously updated and thus timelier than forecasts implied by other existing indices or produced by international institutions, including the IMF and the OECD.



"Bayesian Direct Methods" (with Giovanni Ricco)

"Monetary and Fiscal Policy and the Term Structure of Expectations and Risk" (with Andrea Tamoni)



"Funding Flows and Credit in Carry Trade Economies" (2013, with Hélène Rey), RBA Annual Conference Volume in  Alexandra Heath & Matthew Lilley & Mark Manning (ed.), Liquidity and Funding Markets Reserve Bank of Australia.